2014年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试新课标英语试卷

 时间:2014-06-14 02:05:55 贡献者:人在天涯117

导读:2014 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(新课标 I)英 语注意事项: 1、 答题前,请将自己的答题卡上的准考证号、姓名、班级和科目填写清楚。 2、 所有试题一律在答题卡上作答。 请用 2B 铅

试卷真题 2016年新课标3英语高考试题 2016年普通高等学校招生全国
试卷真题 2016年新课标3英语高考试题 2016年普通高等学校招生全国

2014 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(新课标 I)英 语注意事项: 1、 答题前,请将自己的答题卡上的准考证号、姓名、班级和科目填写清楚。

2、 所有试题一律在答题卡上作答。

请用 2B 铅笔将选好的答案在答题卡相应位置涂黑, 如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后再选涂其他答案标号,在试题卷上作答无效 。

......... 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。

A The Cambridge Science Festival Curiosity Challenge Dare to Take the Curiosity Challenge! The Cambridge Science Festival (CSF) is pleased to inform you of the sixth annual Curiosity Challenge. The challenge invites, even dares school students between the ages of 5 and 14 to create artwork or a piece of writing that shows their curiosity how it inspires them to explore their world. Students are being dared to draw a picture, write an article, take a photo or write a poem that shows what they are curious about. To enter the challenge, all artwork or pieces of writing should be sent to the Cambridge Science Festival, MIT Museum, 265 Mass Avenue, Cambridge 02139 by Friday, February 8th. Students who enter the Curiosity Challenge and are selected as winners will be honored at a special ceremony during the CSF on Sunday, April 21st. Guest speakers will also present prizes to the students. Winning entries will be published in a book. Student entries will be exhibited and prizes will be given. Families of those who take part will be included in celebration and brunch will be served. Between March 10th and March 15h, each winner will be given the specifics of the closing ceremony and the Curiosity Challenge celebration. The program guidelines and other related information are available at: http:// cambridgesciencefestival.org.1

21. Who can take part in the Curiosity Challenge? A. School students. B. Cambridge locals. C. CSF winners. D. MIT artists.22. When will the prize-giving ceremony be held? A. On February 8th. B. On March 10th. C. On March 15th D. On April 21st.23. What type of writing is this text? A. An exhibition guide. C. An announcement. B Passenger pigeons (旅鸽)once flew over much of the United States in unbelievable numbers. Written accounts from the 18th and 19th centuries described flocks (群)so large that they darkened the sky for hours. It was calculated that when its population reached its highest point, there were more than 3 billion passenger pigeons--a number equal to 24 to 40 percent of the total bird population in the United States, making it perhaps the most abundant bird in the world. Even as late as 1870 when their numbers had already become smaller, a flock believed to be 1 mile wide and 320 miles (about 515 kilometers) long was seen near Cincinnati. Sadly the abundance of passenger pigeons may have been their undoing. Where the birds were most abundant, people believed there was an ever-lasting supply and killed them by the thousands, Commercial hunters attracted them to small clearings with grain, waited until pigeons had settled to feed, then threw large nets over them, taking hundreds at a time. The birds were shipped to large cities and sold in restaurants. By the closing decades of the 19th century, the hardwood forests where passenger pigeons nested had been damaged by American’s need for wood, which scattered (驱散) the flocks and forced the birds to go farther north, where cold temperatures and spring storms contributed to their decline. Soon the great flocks were gone, never to be seen again. In 1897, the state of Michigan passed a law prohibiting the killing of passenger pigeons, but by then, no sizable flocks had been seen in the state for 10 years. The last confirmed wild pigeon in the United States was shot by a boy in Pike County, Ohio, in 1900. For a time, a few birds survived under human care. The last of them, known affectionately as Martha, died at the2B. An art show review. D. An official report.

Cincinnati Zoological Garden on September 1, 1914. 24. In the 18th and early 19th centuries, passenger pigeons______. A. were the biggest bird in the world B. lived mainly in the south of America C. did great harm to the natural environment D. were the largest bird population in the US 25. The underlined word “undoing” probably refers to the pigeons’ ______. A. escape B. ruin C. liberation D. evolution26. What was the main reason for people to kill passenger pigeons? A. To seek pleasure. C. To make money. B. To save other birds. D. To protect crops.27. What can we infer about the law passed in Michigan? A. It was ignored by the public. C. It was unfair. C A typical lion tamer(驯兽师)in people’s mind is an entertainer holding a whip( 鞭) at a chair. The whip gets all of the attention, but it’s mostly for show. In reality, it’s the chair that does the important work. When a lion tamer holds a chair in front of the lion’s face, the lion tries to focus on all four legs of the chair at the same time. With its focus divided, the lion becomes confused and is unsure about what to do next. When faced with so many options, the lion chooses to freeze and wait instead of attacking the man holding the chair. How often do you find yourself in the same position as the lion? How often do you have something you want to achieve (e.g. lose weight, start a business, travel more)---only to end up confused by all of the options in front of you and never make progress? This upsets me to no end because while all the experts are busy debating about which option is best, the people who want to improve their lives are left confused by all of the conflicting information. The end result is that we feel like we can’t focus or that we’re focused on the wrong things, and so we take less action, make less progress, and stay the same when we could be improving. It doesn’t have to be that way. Anytime you find the world waving a chair in your face, remember this: All you need to do is focus on one thing. You just need to get started. Starting before you feel ready is one of the habits of successful people. If you have somewhere you want3B. It was declared too late. D. It was strict.

to go, something you want to accomplish, someone you want to become… take immediate action. If you’re clear about where you want to go, the rest of the world will either help you get there or get out of the way. 28. Why does the lion tamer use a chair? A. To trick the lion. C. To get ready for a fight. B. To show off his skills. D. To entertain the audience.29. In what sense are people similar to a lion facing a chair? A. They feel puzzled over choices. C. They find it hard to make changes. B. They hold on to the wrong things. D. They have to do something for show30. What is the author’s attitude towards the experts mentioned in Paragraph3? A. Tolerant. B. Doubtful. C. Respectful. D. Supportive.31. When the world is “waving a chair in your face”, you’re advised to ______. A. wait for a better chance C. make a quick decision B. break your old habits D. ask for clear guidanceD As more and more people speak the global languages of English, Chinese, Spanish, and Arabic, other languages are rapidly disappearing. In fact, half of the 6,000-7,000 languages spoken around the world today will likely die out by the next century, according to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). In an effort to prevent language loss, scholars from a number of organizations ---UNESCO and National Geographic among them---have for many years been documenting dying languages and the cultures they reflect. Mark Turin, a scientist at the Macmillan Centre Yale University, who specializes in the languages and oral traditions of the Himalayas, is following in that tradition. His recently published book, A Grammar of Thangmi with an Ethnolinguistic Introduction to the Speakers and Their Culture, grows out of his experience living, working, and raising a family in a village in Nepal. Documenting the Thangmi language and culture is just a starting point for Turin, who seeks to include other languages and oral traditions across the Himalayan reaches of India, Nepal,4

Bhutan, and China. But he is not content to simply record these voices before they disappear without record. At the University of Cambridge Turin discovered a wealth of important materials---including photographs, films, tape recordings, and field notes---which had remained unstudied and were badly in need of care and protection. Now, through the two organizations that he has founded ---the Digital Himalaya Project and the World Oral Literature Project ---Turin has started a campaign to make such documents, found in libraries and stores around the world, available not just to scholars but to the younger generations of communities from whom the materials were originally collected. Thanks to digital technology and the widely available Internet, Turin notes, the endangered languages can be saved and reconnected with speech communities. 32. Many scholars are making efforts to ______. A. promote global languages C. search for language communities B. rescue disappearing languages D. set up language research organizations.33. What does “that tradition’ in Paragraph 3 refer to? A. Having full records of the languages B. Writing books on language teaching. C. Telling stories about language users D. Living with the native speaker. 34. What is Turin’s book based on? A. The cultural studies in India. C. His language research in Bhutan. B. The documents available at Yale. D. His personal experience in Nepal.35. Which of the following best describe Turin’s work? A. Write, sell and donate. C. Collect, protect and reconnect. B. Record, repair and reward. D. Design, experiment and report.第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。

选项中有两项为多 余选项。

The jobs of the future have not yet been invented. 36 . By helping them developclassic skills that will serve them well no matter what the future holds. 1.Curiosity Your children need to be deeply curious.537 . Ask kids, “What ingredients (配料)can we

add to make these pancakes even better next time ?” and then try them out. Did those ingredients make the pancakes better? What could we try next time? 2. Creativity True creativity is the ability to take something existing and create something new from it. 38 .There are a dozen different things you can do with them. Experimenting with materials to create something new can go a long way in helping them develop their creativity. 3.Interpersonal skills Understanding how others feel can be a challenge for kids. We know what’s going on inside our own head, but what about others? Being able to read people helps kids from misreading a situation and jumping to false conclusions. 39 . “Why do you think she’s crying?” “Can youtell how that man is feeling by looking at his face?” “If someone were to do that to you, how would you feel?” 4. Self Expression 40 . there are many ways to express thoughts and ideas ---music, acting, drawing, building, photography. You may find that your child is attracted by one more than another. A. Encourage kids to cook with you. B. And we can’t forget science education. C. We can give kids chances to think about materials in new ways. D. So how can we help our kids prepare for jobs that don’t yet exist? E. Gardening is another great activity for helping kids develop this skill. F. We can do this in real life or ask questions about characters in stories. G. Being able to communicate ideas in a meaningful way is a valuable skill.第三部分 英语知识运用(共三节; 满分 65 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

As a general rule, all forms of activity lead to boredom when they are performed on a routine(常规)basis. As a matter of fact, we can see this 41 For example, on Christmas morning, children are excited about their 44 soon wears off and by January those 45 at work in people of all 43 42 .with their new toys. Buttoys can be found put away in thebasement. The world is full of 46 stamp albums and unfinished models, each standing as a6

monument to someone’s47interest. When parents bring home a pet, their child48bathes it and brushes its fur. Within a short time, however, the 49of caring for the animal is but are soon lookinghanded over to the parents. Adolescents enter high school with great 50 forward to 51. The same is true of the young adults going to college. And then, how many drove for hours at a time 55 to52 , who now complain (抱怨) about the long drives to work, 53 when they first 54their driver’s license (执照)? Before people retire, they usuallydo a lot of 56 things, which they never had 57 to do while working. But 58 after retirement, the golfing, the fishing, the reading and all of the other pastimes become as boring as the jobs they 59 41. A. principle 42. A. parties 43. A. working 44. A. confidence 45. A. same 46. A. well-organized 47. A. broad 48. A. silently 49. A. promise 50. A. courage 51. A. graduation 52. A. children 53. A. carefully 54. A. required 55. A. need 56. A. great 57. A. time 58. A. only 59. A. lost 60. A. pets . And, like the child in January, they go searching for new 60 B. habit B. races B. living B. interest B. extra B. colorfully-printed B. passing B. impatiently B. burden B. calmness B. independence B. students B. eagerly B. obtained B. learn B. strange B. money B. well B. chose B. toys C. way C. countries C. playing C. anxiety C. funny C. newly- collected C. different C. gladly C. right C. confusion C. responsibility C. adults C. nervously C. noticed C. start C. difficult C. skills C. even C. left C. friends .D. power D. ages D. going D. sorrow D. expensive D. half-filled D. main D. worriedly D. game D. excitement D. success D. retirees D. bravely D. discovered D. plan D. correct D. knowledge D. soon. D. quit D. colleagues第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形 式。

7

Are you facing a situation that looks impossible to fix? In 1969, the pollution was terrible along the Cuyahoga River Cleveland, Ohio. It 61 (be) 62unimaginable that it could ever be cleaned up. The river was so polluted that it (actual)caught fire and burned. Now, years later, this river is one of examples of environmental cleanup. But the river wasn’t changed in a few days 63most outstanding64 even a few months. It took years ofwork 65 (reduce ) the industrial pollution and clean the water. Finally, that hard work paid off and now the water in the river is 66 (clean) than ever. Maybe you are facing an impossible situation. Maybe you leave a habit 67 is drivingyour family crazy. Possibly you drink too much or don’t know how to control your credit card use. When you face such an impossible situation, don’t you want a quick fix and something to change immediately? While there are 68 (amaze) stories of instant transformation, for most of us the 69(change) are gradual and require a lot of effort and work, like cleaning up a polluted river. Just be 70 (patience). 第四部分 写作 (共两节,满分 35 分)第一节 短文改错 (共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。

文中 共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。

每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写上该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。

注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2、只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不记分。

Nearly five years before, and with the help by our father, my sister and I planted some cherry tomatoes(圣女果)in our back garden. Since then---for all these year---we had been allowing them to self-seed where they please. As result, the plants are growing somewhere. The fruits are small in size, but juicy and taste. There are so much that we often share them with our neighbors. Although we allow tomato plants to grow in the same place year after year, but we8

have never had any disease or insect attack problems. We are growing wonderfully tomatoes at on cost! 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假定你是李华,计划暑假间去英国学习英语,为期六周。

下面的广告引起了你的注意, 请给该校写封信,询问有关情况(箭头所指内容)注意:1.词数 100 左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

3.参考词汇:住宿-accommodation9